History Of Billiard

A recognizable form of billiards was played outdoors in the 1340s, and was reminiscent of croquet. King Louis XI of France (1461–1483) had the first known indoor billiard table.Louis XIV further refined and popularized the game, and it swiftly spread among the French nobility. While the game had long been played on the ground, this version appears to have died out in the 17th century, in favor of croquet, golf and bowling games, while table billiards had grown in popularity as an indoor activity.Mary, Queen of Scots, claimed that her “table de billiard” had been taken away by those who eventually became her executioners (and who covered her body with the table’s cloth).Billiards grew to the extent that by 1727, it was being played in almost every Paris café. In England, the game was developing into a very popular activity for members of the gentry

By 1670, the thin butt end of the mace began to be used not only for shots under the cushion (which itself was originally only there as a preventative method to stop balls from rolling off), but players increasingly preferred it for other shots as well. The cue as it is known today was finally developed by about 1800.

Early billiard games involved various pieces of additional equipment, including the “arch” (related to the croquet hoop), “port” (a different hoop) and “king” (a pin or skittle near the arch) in the 1770s, but other game variants, relying on the cushions (and eventually on pockets cut into them), were being formed that would go on to play fundamental roles in the development of modern billiards.

Illustration of a three-ball pocket billiards game in early 19th century Tübingen, Germany, using a table much longer than the modern type.


Atractive and Famus Game in Billiard


Different Types of the Game:

Eight ball is a call shot game played with a cue ball and fifteen object balls, numbered 1 through 15. One player must pocket balls numbered 1 through 7 (solid colors) while the other player has 9 through 15 (stripes). The player pocketing his group first and then legally pocketing the 8-ball wins the game.
Call shot in this game means indicating the object ball and the pocket before shot but obvious balls and pockets do not need to be indicated. It is the opponent’s right to ask which ball and pocket if he is unsure of shot. When calling the shot, it is NEVER necessary to indicate details such as the number of cushions, banks, kisses, caroms, etc. Any balls pocketed on a foul remain pocketed, regardless of whether they belong to the shooter or the opponent. The opening break is not a “called shot.” Any player performing a break shot in 8-Ball may continue to shoot his next shot so long as he has legally pocketed any object ball on the break.


Object of the game:

Nine Ball is played with nine object balls numbered one through nine and a cue ball (the white ball). On each shot the first ball the cue ball contacts must be the lowest-numbered ball on the table, but the balls need not be pocketed in order. If a player pockets any ball on a legal shot, he remains at the table for another shot, and continues until he misses, fouls, or wins the game by pocketing the 9-ball. After a miss, the incoming player must shoot from the position left by the previous player, but after any foul the incoming player may start with the cue ball anywhere on the table. Players are not required to call any shot. A match ends when one of the players has won the required number of games.

Racking the balls:

The object balls are racked in a diamond shape, with the one ball at the top of the diamond and on the foot spot, the 9-ball in the center of the diamond, and the other balls in random order, racked as tightly as possible around the 9-ball. The game begins with cue ball in hand behind the head string.

Legal break shot

The rules governing the break shot are the same as for other shots except:

(1) The breaker must strike the 1-ball first and either pocket a ball or drive at least four numbered balls to the rail.

(2) If the cue ball is pocketed or driven off the table, or the requirements of the opening break are not met, it is a foul, and the incoming player has cue ball in hand anywhere on the table.

(3) If on the break shot, the breaker causes an object ball to jump off the table, it is a foul and the incoming player has cue ball in hand anywhere on the table. The object ball is not respotted (exception: if the object ball is the 9- ball, it is respotted).

If on the break shot, the 9-ball is pocketed, the striker will be the winner and no foul has occurred. When a player fouls, he loses his shot and the pocketed balls will not be respotted (exception: if the pocketed ball is the 9- ball, it is respotted).

After foul, the incoming player has cue ball in hand anywhere on the table. If a player commits several fouls on one shot, they are counted as only one foul.

push out

The player who shoots the shot immediately after a legal break may play a push out in an attempt to move the cue ball into a better position for the option that follows. In this rule, the cue ball is not required to contact any object ball nor any rail, but all other foul rules still apply. The player must announce his intention of playing a push out before the shot, or the shot is considered to be a normal shot. Any ball pocketed on a push out does not count and remains pocketed except the 9-ball.

Following a push out, the incoming player is permitted to shoot from that position or to pass the shot back to the player who pushed out. A push out is not considered to be a foul, unless a rule is violated or a foul is committed. An illegal push out is penalized like any other foul. After a player scratches on the break shot, the incoming player cannot play a push out.

If the object ball is driven out of table, it is a foul and the ball is not respotted on the table (except 9-ball which is placed on foot spot and the incoming player is ball in hand).

If the cue ball jumps vertically or diagonally :

over the object ball, it is foul. If the cue ball is struck foully, jump shot is a technique to perform the right stroke.

Three consecutive fouls:

If a player fouls three consecutive times on three successive shots, he loses the game.

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Object of the game:

Each player must strike the red ball first. After potting the red ball, the player can strike the colored ball. He is free in choosing the object ball. If the colored ball of a player is potted, he still can continue shooting and must strike the red ball once again. When the red balls and the last colored ball struck with the red ball are pocketed, then the yellow to black ball are in the run. The advanced stages like striking the red ball and positioning for the colored ball and other technical stages will be presented to you in the third training course.


A straight line drawn 29in (737mm) from the face of the bottom cushion and parallel to it is called the Baulk-line.

The “D” area :

The “D” is a semi-circle described in Baulk with its center at the middle of the Baulk-line and with a radius of 11½in (292mm).


Four spots are marked on the center longitudinal line of the table:
the spot (known as the black spot), 12¾in (324mm) from a point perpendicularly below the face of the top cushion;
the center spot (known as the blue spot), located midway between the faces of the top and bottom cushions;
the pyramid spot (known as the pink spot), located midway between the Centre Spot and the face of the top cushion;
the middle of the baulk-line (known as the brown spot).
Two other spots used are located at the corners of the “D”. The one on the right is known as the Yellow Spot and the one on the left as the Green Spot.


frame is the time period from the first strike for breaking the balls till:
A player hands over a game in his turn,
Or just when the black ball is on the table, the hitter wins the frame because of having more points (1+7); or Just when the black ball is on the table, by throwing the black ball in the pocket or committing any foul, the frame will end up.


The person about to play or in play is the striker.


A stroke is made when the striker strikes the cue-ball with the tip of the cue.
A stroke is fair when no infringement of Rule is made,
A stroke is not completed until all balls have come to rest; and
A stroke may be made directly or indirectly.
A) A stroke is direct when the cue-ball strikes an object ball without first striking a cushion, and
B) A stroke is indirect when the cue-ball strikes one or more cushions before striking an object ball.

Pot :

A pot is when an object ball, without any infringement of these Rules, enters a pocket.

Break :

A break is a number of pots in successive strokes made in any one turn by a player during a frame.


The cue-ball is in-hand:
1- Before the start of each frame,
2- When it has entered a pocket; or
3- When it has been forced off the table.
The cue-ball remains in-hand until:
1- It is played fairly from in-hand; or
2- A foul is committed whilst the ball is on the table.

Ball in play:

The cue-ball is in play when it is not in-hand,
Object balls are in play from the start of the frame until pocketed or forced off the table,
The cue ball does not collide with the object ball; and

Miss :

When the cue ball first does not collide with the ball in turn, miss occurs.

Hitting Two Balls Simultaneously :

Two balls, other than two Reds or a free ball and a ball on, must not be struck simultaneously by the first impact of the cue-ball.

Touching Ball :

If the cue-ball is touching a ball or balls on, the referee shall state touching ball and indicate which ball or balls on the cue-ball is touching.
When a touching ball has been called, the striker must play the cue-ball away from that ball without moving it or it is a push stroke.
If the cue-ball comes to rest touching or nearly touching a ball that is not on, the referee, if asked whether it is touching, will answer YES or NO. The striker must play away without disturbing it as above but must first hit a ball that is on.
When the cue-ball is touching both a ball on and a ball not on, the referee shall only indicate the ball on as touching. If the striker should ask the referee whether the cue-ball is also touching the ball not on, he is entitled to be told.
If the referee is satisfied that any movement of a touching ball at the moment of striking was not caused by the striker, he will not call a foul.
If a stationary object ball, not touching the cue-ball when examined by the referee, is later seen to be in contact with the cue-ball before a stroke has been made, the balls shall be repositioned by the referee to his satisfaction.


Penalties with Seven Points if the Striker :

  • Uses a ball off the table for any purpose,
  • Uses any object to measure gaps or distance,
  • Plays at Reds, or a free ball followed by a Red, in successive strokes,
  • Uses any ball other than White as the cue-ball for any stroke,
  • Fails to declare which ball he is on when snookered or when requested to do so by the referee; or
    After potting a Red (or free ball nominated as a Red), commits a foul before a color has been nominated.

Extra Facility of Hotel Bam

Access information

Digital Phone Line :   +98 011-5505

Extension :                 100

Cell Phone :              +98 9125363519

Email :                       hotelbam.ramsar@gmail.com

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Notes :

Cable car service time is 9:30 to 20:00

Our Check in time is 15:00 and check out is 12:00

Passport is mandatory

Animal entering is prohibited

Hotel Bam Sabz management wishes the best during your stay

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